Usually, the treatment of helminthic invasions is carried out with multicomponent and synthetic drugs, which have significant disadvantages, such as toxicity and poor tolerability. Especially often, these inconveniences are manifested in the form of allergic reactions in patients with concomitant diseases and in children. Therefore, recently, biologically active food additives (food supplements), which only include phytocomplexes, have been used for the prevention and auxiliary treatment of helminthiasis. Depending on the dietary supplement, it may contain various herbs. They all have different properties and effects on the body, which contributes to a positive effect. Worm infestations (helminthiasis) are diseases caused by parasitic worms (helminths). Helminths are worms, with a flat, primary cavity, which during evolution have acquired the ability to exist in other biological objects, including in humans, using their body as a habitat or source of food. .
Parasitic invasions: how to get rid of worms naturally
Currently, around 300 human helminthiasis are known, but not all of their types are widespread.
Properties of helminths
- Stages of development. During its life, the helminth goes through several successive stages: egg - larva - adult. This is the parasite's development cycle. A worm is said to be contagious to humans if it enters the body and is excreted at the same stage.
- The long-term storage capacity in the human body.
- Fixation in the body of the host (suckers, hooks).
- The presence of a digestive system (there is the ability to absorb nutrients from the entire surface of the body).
- Physical activity is limited or absent.
- Enormous fertility (females are able to lay up to 250, 000 eggs per day).
Classification of helminths
1. According to the development cycle:
- contagious (hymenolepiasis and enterobiasis). Infection occurs through contact with household items and dirty hands;
- soil-transmitted helminths (ascariasis, strongyloidiasis, etc. ). Eggs are part of their development in the soil, infection occurs in various ways;
- biohelminths (clonorchiasis, schistosomiasis, etc. ). Eggs are part of their development in the body of an animal, infection is possible in various ways.
2. In appearance:
- in fact roundworms or nematodes. There are more than 20 thousand;
- tapeworms, duct tape or cestodes. There are more than 3000 species. All of them belong to the biohelminths;
- moat, or moat. All 5, 000 species are biohelminths.
The most common diseases caused by parasitic worms are:
- nematodes. The group of such diseases includes ascariasis, toxocariasis, enterobiasis, hookworm, strongyliasis, trichinosis;
- cestodosis. There are teniarinchiasis, teniasis, diphyllobothriasis and hymenolepiasis (the latter are less common);
- trematodes. The most common are opichondrosis, clonorchiasis and fascioliasis.
It is convenient to consider the ways and methods of infection with helminths on individual representatives.
For example, pinworms parasitize in the lower half of the small intestine and in the initial part of the large intestine. Females descend into the rectum, then intensely leave the anus, lay eggs in the perianal folds and die.
The source of the invasion is a person with enterobiasis. Eggs laid by female pinworms on the skin of an infected person mature and become infectious (invasive) after 4 to 6 hours. They are often spread to clothing and bed linen, furniture, spread by humans on their hands and clothing, and are dispersed by flies.
Most often, human infection occurs as a result of ingress of mature pinworm eggs during a meal with food, less often - when introduced into the mouth and nose withdust. In patients with enterobiasis, in most cases, the occurrence of self-invasion is generalized (infection with a pathogen already present in the body due to the fact that the disease recurs) with contamination of the fingersand nails (itchy scratching).
Enterobiasis is a typical example of contagious helminthiasis, which confirms the need to follow the rules of hygiene.
The role of soil in the development cycle of human parasitic worms is well traced by the example of ascariasis, which is a typical soil-helminthiasis.
The source of the invasion is a person in whose intestines both females and males parasitize roundworms. A mature female is able to lay up to 250, 000 fertilized and unfertilized eggs per day. Unfertilized eggs do not cause an infestation. Together with feces, helminth eggs leave the external environment, which is not fully ripe, and for their maturation it is necessary to have a favorable environment for the development of a certain temperature and humidity. Inside the egg, a larva matures, which after molting acquires an invasive ability. Development occurs at temperatures above 12 ° C, but the survival capacity of the eggs and larvae that have started to grow and develop does not change even at lower temperatures, so the maturation process cancontinue for several warm seasons.
Human infection occurs when mature eggs are swallowed. Of prime importance are vegetables that are improperly washed and contaminated with soil particles.
The routes of infection by biohelminthiasis can be considered on the example of schistosomiasis.
Adult individuals of schistosomes parasitize not in the intestinal lumen, like most helminths, but mainly in the veins of the intestine and bladder. In the vascular bed, schistosomes lay eggs. The eggs enter the wall of the vessel due to its spasm and exit into the surrounding tissues. The egg contains the embryo, which has the ability to secrete certain enzymes which destroy the surrounding tissue and thus promote the movement of the eggs. The eggs are then carried in the bladder or intestines and then excreted into the environment with urine and faeces. When the eggs enter the water, embryos emerge from them, enter the body of a freshwater mollusk, where they develop in 6 weeks. Mature larvae enter the water, then enter the human body through the skin and mucous membranes and develop into sexually mature individuals. Thus, for human infection with biohelminthiasis, an intermediate host is required (in this case, a freshwater mollusk).
So, depending on the type of helminth, a person for a parasite can be a habitat or a means of reproduction.
The mechanism of action on the human body
The first is the mechanical action of pathogens on the organs and tissues of the host.
The mechanical effect is quite diverse. First, due to its large size, the helminth can cause the intestinal lumen to overlap (intestinal obstruction), pressure sores of a certain part of the intestine due to prolonged exposure, rupture of the wall, inflammation. of the peritoneum. Second, exposure to hooks and suction cups at the attachment site can cause bleeding, pain from irritated nerve endings, and intestinal necrosis. With extra-intestinal localization, helminths can obstruct the bile ducts, put pressure on the brain, disrupt its blood supply, and cause blindness when they enter the retina.
Another pathological effect of helminths on the human body is manifested in the struggle between them for nutrients.
When the host's blood is consumed, parasites can cause anemia in him, while the absorption of vitamins - vitamin deficiency, which can lead to a violation of hematopoiesis.
The ability of the parasites to assimilate sugar (glucose) is the cause of the increased feeling of hunger.
After some time, the lack of substances begins to affect the general condition of a person, the functions of organs.
Allergic effects to toxins
Some helminths, during their vital activity, secrete special substances in the host's body called toxoids. These substances are powerful poisons. After being absorbed into the blood, toxoids are distributed throughout the body and affect nervous and muscle tissue. Very often helminths release toxic substances after death as a result of the destruction of the parasite.
General manifestations of helminthic invasions
For most helminthiasis, the course of two phases in the development of clinical manifestations is characteristic.
The first phase has a definite link with the larval and progressive stages of helminths. It is relatively short-lived. In this phase, the parasites have a mechanical and toxic-allergic effect. The patient may present with fever, muscle and joint pain, itchy skin (hives), cough, hemoptysis, enlarged liver, spleen and lymph nodes.
In a general blood test, a significant increase in the number of eosinophils can be observed, in a biochemical blood test - a decrease in the total amount of protein, a change in its composition, an increase in immunoglobulins (especially class E).
Chronic helminthiasis is characterized by signs of intoxication of the body: lethargy, weakness, decreased appetite and performance, weight loss, anemia, periodic increase in temperature (up to 38 ° C), upset stool, heaviness in the right hypochondrium are possible.
Far in the past there are spells, prayers, dances with a tambourine at the bedside, attracting a worm into the milk, dragging it over a fire and a number of other methods of treating helminthiasis. The medicine of our time has in its arsenal a large number of methods for treating helminthic invasions at any stage of parasitic worms, and the sooner the better. The general signs of the treatment of helminthic invasions are as follows.
- Therapy should be strictly individual. Taking anthelmintic drugs without establishing the type of parasite, as well as "prophylactic" drugs are unacceptable.
- Treatment must be comprehensive. It is necessary not only to destroy the parasites, but also to eliminate the consequences of their activity (anemia, allergization of the organism, biliary dyskinesia, etc. ).
- Treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor using laboratory tests. It is not enough to take a packet of pills to get rid of worms. It is necessary to monitor the results of treatment with parasitological methods.
Usually, the treatment of helminthic invasions is carried out with multicomponent and synthetic drugs, which have significant disadvantages, such as toxicity and poor tolerability. Especially often, these inconveniences are manifested in the form of allergic reactions in patients with concomitant diseases and in children. Therefore, recently, biologically active food additives (food supplements), which only include phytocomplexes, have been used for the prevention and auxiliary treatment of helminthiasis. Due to the multicomponent nature of food supplements, they have a symptomatic and pathogenic effect on the human body, are non-toxic, and have a mild and long-lasting effect.
Depending on the dietary supplement, it may contain various herbs. They all have different properties and effects on the body, which contributes to a positive effect.
Common hop is a perennial plant of the hemp family, reaching a height of 5-7 m. The cones are subdivided into male and female. Males are greenish-yellow with a wispy perianth and five stamens in paniculate inflorescences, and females consist of a large number of green scales with lupulin-containing glands on the inner surface. For medicinal purposes, cones of wild hops are used, which are harvested a few days before full maturity, when the scales adapt tightly to the cone and cover the lupulin. The taste of the infusion is bitter, with a resinous aftertaste, the smell is pleasant. When an unpleasant odor appears (during long-term storage), the raw material becomes unusable.
Mechanism of action: has a sedative gastrointestinal tract, anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic, diuretic, tonic, improves appetite, antiseptic effect.
The extract of common hop cones, in addition to a direct deworming effect, eliminates inflammation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract and, by increasing the tone of intestinal smooth muscles, helps to remove parasites from the body ofthe host.
Indications: neurosis (especially at menopause), gastritis, insomnia (use of pillows filled with hop cones), cystitis (reduces painful irritations of the bladder), scurvy, helminthic invasions, lichen, furunculosis (externally in the form ofdecoction of water), disorders of the general metabolism of substances, neuralgia, neurasthenia, dysuria, insomnia, hypertension, atherosclerosis (used in the form of baths). The plant is also used to strengthen the hair.
Creeping thyme, thyme, Bogorodskaya herb
Creeping thyme is a perennial semi-shrub of the Labiates family, reaching 15 cm in height. The leafy twigs are used to prepare decoctions, infusions and extracts. Freshly dried thyme has a lingering aromatic smell, a slightly pungent and bitter-spicy taste.
Mechanism of action: has a bactericidal, deworming, diuretic, analgesic, healing, sedative, anticonvulsant, antihypertensive, expectorant effect.
Thyme is an important part of biologically active complexes, because it not only affects the body of the parasite, expelling it from the host, but also contributes to the healing of wounds of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract, significantly reduces pain.
Indications: acute and chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis, neuralgia, neurosis, joint and muscle pain (used in the form of compresses, lotions, baths), colds, stomach and intestinal cramps, helminthic invasions, diseases of theskin, fainting (use herbal powder).
Contraindications: kidney disease, liver disease, stomach ulcer, pregnancy.
Cinnamon rosehip, wild rose
Rosehip cinnamon is a highly branched shrub of the Rosaceae family, reaching heights of up to 2 m. The fruits are reddish-brown, about 5 cm long, ellipsoidal, smooth. For processing, fruits harvested when fully ripe are used. Light orange fruit has the best properties, it is considered high quality, the brown color of the fruit indicates the death of vitamins. The taste is sweet and sour, slightly astringent, there is no odor Mechanism of action: it has a choleretic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic effect (does not irritate the renal epithelium), regulates the activityfrom the gastrointestinal tract.
Rosehip has the greatest effect on the macro-organism (human body, host), increasing resistance, reducing intoxication and allergic reactions, promoting wound healing in the gastrointestinal tract, but still causes theremoval of helminths from the intestinal lumen. Indications: atherosclerosis, vitamin deficiency, anemia and exhaustion of the body, slow healing wounds, stones in the liver and kidneys, uterine bleeding, fractures, local and general infectious and intoxication processes, decreased gastric secretion, antihelmintic erysipelas.
Common tansy, wild rowan
The common tansy is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the asteraceae family, or asteraceae, with a height of 50 to 120 cm. In medicine, baskets of flowers are used, which are harvested at the start of flowering of the plant.
Mechanism of action: has choleretic, antispasmodic, deworming, insecticidal (against mites, bedbugs, flies), tonic (on the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract), improving the secretory activity of the gastrointestinal tractintestinal, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory effect; improves the amplitude of heart contractions, slows down the heart rate.
Indications: hepatitis, cholecystitis, neuroses, epilepsy, tuberculosis, respiratory diseases, headaches.
Method of application: to give tansy inflorescences a more effective anthelmintic effect, it is recommended to combine them with chamomile inflorescences and dried wormwood flowers in equal parts. Pour 8 g of a mixture of these plants with 250 ml of boiling water, infuse, then insist, cool, strain and use in enemas. For ascaridiasis and pinworms inflorescences are used in the form of powders and aqueous infusions.
Pharmaceutical chamomile, medicinal chamomile
Pharmacy chamomile is an annual plant, belongs to the asteraceae family, reaches a height of 20-40 cm. Flower baskets are used as medicine (without stems, the remains of pedicels are up to 3 cm long). The baskets are collected at the start of flowering so that the marginal reed flowers in the baskets are horizontal. The taste is spicy, bitter, the smell is aromatic, strong, especially when rubbed.
Mechanism of action: anti-inflammatory (including in the form of medicinal lotions, rinses, baths and enemas), hemostatic, antiseptic, weakly astringent, analgesic, sedative, anticonvulsant, diaphoretic, choleretic, moderate antispasmodic effect.
Indications: intestinal spasms, gastritis, stomach ulcers, enteritis, flatulence, inflammation of the liver and gallbladder, kidneys, bladder, dysmenorrhea, hysteria, neurosis, convulsions, inflammation of the trigeminal nerve, burns, frostbite, insomnia, slow healingsores.
Chamomile does not have a specific anthelmintic effect, but in the composition of biologically active additives it helps get rid of helminthic invasion: it reduces painful sensations, inflammation at the place of attachment of the parasite and l'stop in case of bleeding. Thanks to these properties, chamomile is an important component of many food supplements.
St. John's Wort, or regular
St. John's Wort is a perennial herbaceous plant with a height of 30 to 70 cm, belongs to the St. John's Wort family. In medicinal species of St. John's Wort, tops of leafy plants with inflorescences are used, they are harvested at the beginning of flowering. Has a bitter, slightly astringent taste, a faint aromatic odor.
Mechanism of action: has analgesic, astringent, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antispasmodic, bactericidal effect, increases gastric secretion, improves appetite.
Indications: neuroses, gastrointestinal diseases (gastritis, peptic ulcer), headaches, sciatica, trophic ulcers, bedsores, chronic non-healing wounds, tuberculosis, allergies, hypertension, malignant tumors, hemorrhoids, gynecological conditions.
Like chamomile, St. John's Wort does not have a direct anthelmintic effect, but when included in biologically active additives, it contributes to the rapid recovery of patients. Due to its unique properties, it helps relieve spasms of the gastrointestinal tract, which improves peristalsis and worm excretion from the body, eliminates bleeding and pain.
Overdose: There is a feeling of bitterness in the mouth and decreased appetite.
Five-lobed Motherwort, Hairy Motherwort, Hairy Motherwort
The five-lobed motherwort belongs to the Lipoid family. It is a perennial herbaceous plant reaching a height of 50 to 120 cm. St. John's Wort is harvested during the flowering period. In medicine, leafy flowering tops up to 30-40 cm long without thick stems are used. Bitter taste, faint odor.
Mechanism of action: has a calming effect on the central nervous system, lowers blood pressure, slows the heart rate, increases the strength of heart contractions, has diuretic and hemostatic properties.
As part of food supplements, it contributes to the overall improvement of the condition of the body, increases its resistance, has a gentle and deep sedative (calming) effect, and reduces the risk of bleeding.
Indications: neuroses, angina pectoris, respiratory tract diseases, hysteria, heart defects, myocarditis, anemia, menstrual irregularities, glaucoma, skin diseases.
Common wormwood, Chernobyl, Chernobyl
Common wormwood is a perennial herbaceous plant, belongs to the Asteraceae family, or Asteraceae. The height of Chernobyl is 50-150 cm, it has a rhizome with several heads and branching roots. For therapeutic purposes, the leafy tops of the Chernobyl plant are harvested during flowering, as well as the roots, which are harvested in the fall, when the tops begin to wilt. The plant has a tart, slightly bitter taste and a pungent aroma; the roots have a pungent and sweet taste and an aromatic odor.
Mechanism of action: has a tonic, sedative, choleretic, mild laxative, antiseptic, antipyretic, tonic, antitoxic, hemostatic, anthelmintic (decoction) effect, improves appetite and digestion.
Common wormwood is included in food supplements not only because of its direct anthelmintic effect, but also because of its other effects. For example, it is important that wormwood helps eliminate inflammation and bleeding, increases the tone of the muscles of the digestive tract, and has a general antitoxic and fortifying effect on the body. It is all these properties of the complex that allow the use of wormwood in the treatment of helminthiasis.
Indications: insomnia, various neuroses, colds, flu, malaria, epilepsy, exhaustion, menstrual irregularities and various gynecological ailments, alcoholism (mixed with thyme), asthma (in the form of smoking), bruises (compresses and lotions are used), mucous membrane inflammation, long-term non-healing wounds, ulcers (use lotions, applications from fresh grass).
The common pumpkin is an annual herb belonging to the pumpkin family. The fruit is a large gourd with several seeds, which can be of different colors (from green to orange) and of various shapes (from round to elongated). The weight of the fetus reaches 20 kg. The seeds are flat, large, white or whitish yellow. As a medicine, the pulp of the fruit is used, as well as the seeds. The seed harvest period is from September to October. Before storing in cloth bags, the seeds should be dried for 5-6 days, sprinkling them in a thin layer on paper. When dried at high temperature, they lose their medicinal properties.
Mechanism of action: improves the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, normalizes bile secretion, sleep, has an anthelmintic effect against various tapeworms (broad tapeworm, pork and bovine tapeworm).
Indications: preparations made from pumpkin seeds are not toxic, so they are often prescribed to children and pregnant women, as well as to patients with liver pathology.