What are the signs of the presence of worms in humans, are the symptoms of helminthiasis persistent or temporary? Is it possible to recognize a disease at an early stage of its development and how to do it without resorting to medical assistance?
There are a number of specific symptoms that directly point to the presence of dangerous neighbors in the body.
The main signs of helminthiasis
The symptoms of the presence of worms in an adult are varied. There are several signs that worms are living in the body.
List of specific features:
- Parasites in the human body cause pain in the intestines;
- having problems with the chair;
- bruxism (characteristic grinding of the teeth that occurs at night);
- a person loses weight (weight loss is due to the parasite feeding on the host and depriving it of necessary vitamins and minerals);
- stomach irritation (colitis, permanent irritable bowel syndrome);
- sleep disturbances appear (the patient may be embarrassed by itching in the anal area, which occurs due to the release of parasites on the egg laying).
These infection symptoms are specific in nature, that is, they can directly indicate the presence of parasites in the body.
But there are also non-specific symptoms of the presence of parasites, including:
- Cough, breathing problems, inflammation of the area of the respiratory system.
- Headache, problems with blood pressure in the blood (increased blood pressure, may be high or drop suddenly).
- Nervous tension (unstable state of mind).
- Local allergic reactions.
- Granulose (the larvae proliferate with connective tissue, forming small tumor formations).
- Oncological diseases (develop against the background of a decrease in the activity of the immune system).
- Weakened immunity (development of autoimmune diseases, frequent ARVI and ARI).
- Kidney inflammation or pyelonephritis (occurs with parasitic disease).
- Inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis with blocked ducts)
The disease can manifest itself differently, but indirectly these signs indicate the presence of helminths.
Signs of infection depending on the organ affected
The first signs of the presence of parasites in the human body:
- If the liver is affected. There are signs of gallstone disease, the duct may be blocked by a larva or an adult helminth individual. Yellow spots appear under the eyes, the skin changes color. There is an unpleasant aftertaste after eating, belching of bitterness, pain in the right hypochondrium.
- If the intestines are affected. The first signs of intoxication appear, anemia appears. Body weight decreases and increases sharply. Against the background of helminthic invasion, weakness, fatigue and other symptoms of overwork appear. Appetite weakens, nausea appears after eating. There is pain in the intestines, bloating, pain in the stomach after eating.
- If the kidneys are affected. There are characteristic signs of pyelonephritis, the flow of urine is disturbed, the structure of the kidneys inflames and changes. There is pain in the lower back, there is pain when urinating.
- If the lungs are affected. Ascaris larvae are found in the tissues of the lungs and bronchi, against which the infected person develops a persistent and very unpleasant cough. It is difficult to cope with it with the help of medication. Sputum appears after coughing.
It is difficult to recognize the disease at an early stage in its development. Parasites have not yet taken hold in humans.
Symptoms depending on the type of parasite
For more information on human worm symptoms:
- Ascaris. Infection occurs in different ways, but once in the intestine, an adult female lays up to 25, 000 eggs, they are covered with a special shell, which consists of 3 layers. The eggs are in the intestines, with sufficient oxygen and temperatures, the egg turns into a larva and will "travel" through the body with the blood flow. Once in the lungs, the larva causes a cough. With a cough, it returns to the intestines, where it continues to grow and after a while it turns into a mature individual. The life cycle of the roundworm is 12 months. During this year, the individual is in the intestines, lays eggs, which are excreted in the stool.
- Vlasoglav. Due to its structural characteristics, this worm can disrupt the integrity of the intestinal lining. It feeds on human blood, while its presence in the intestine has various consequences. Since the worm is located in the large intestine, its function (feeding on the host's blood) leads to the addition of a secondary infection, appendicitis occurs.
- pinworms. They are parasites, belonging to the class of intestinal nematodes, they most often affect children. If you do not act in time, the risk of developing enterobiosis is great. Reinfection increases the risk of disease recurrence.
- Echinococcus. Available in many forms, cysts can infect tissue by filling a specific cavity. But the parasite itself lives in the intestines, it can be infected through contact with animals (cats, dogs, domestic pigs), and helminths are also passed from person to person.
- Wide ribbon. It enters the human body in the form of a larva, infection occurs after eating fish that has not undergone proper heat treatment. The larva enters the small intestine, where it lives and develops over a long period; an adult can reach several meters long.
- pinworms. This intestinal nematode most often affects children. Causes enterobiosis of the disease. If left untreated, remission may occur if the risk of re-infection is minimized.
Changes are constantly observed, the body cannot recover, it is difficult for it to cope with the loss of blood and nutrients.
Methods of infection and possible consequences
Why are worms dangerous to humans:
- lead to weakened activity of the immune system (against the background of impaired immunity, health problems arise);
- chronic anemia appears (the worms feed on the blood, absorbing nutrients and vitamins with it);
- against the background of infection, leukocytosis develops (the level of leukocytes in the blood increases, as the body actively tries to cope with the parasites with the help of white blood cells);
- if a large number of helminths live in the intestines, they can lead to its obstruction;
- cholecystitis (occurs when the bile ducts are blocked by worms);
- pneumonia (during migration the larva can enter the lungs and cause inflammation).
If the treatment for the disease is improperly chosen, carried out out of time or completely absent, various diseases, both inflammatory and autoimmune, will arise.
Worm transmission mode:
- You can be infected through contact with someone who has helminths.
- Airborne droplets (inhaled eggs).
- By food and water
- Through the ground.
It is not difficult to be infected with helminths, it is enough to regularly neglect the rules of personal hygiene to cause problems of a certain nature.
The diagnosis of human worms takes place in several stages:
- donate blood for analysis;
- donate feces for analysis;
- take an x-ray.
A blood test is done to check for an increase in the number of leukocytes and eosinophils in the blood.
Fecal analysis for worms is only effective if an adult individual lives in the human body and is in the migration stage (i. e. has already laid eggseggs), which the doctor, during the examination, finds in the faeces.
Radiography has its own characteristics, its conduct is agreed with the doctor. Based on the results of the study, it is possible to obtain the necessary information about the presence of parasites in the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract.
What signs are characteristic of parasites, taking into account test results:
- Leukocytosis (an increase in the number of white blood cells in the body).
- Eosinophilia (increased number of eosinophils, blood cells in the blood).
- The appearance of worm eggs in the stool.
The reasons for the appearance of worms are different, and according to statistics, about 85% of people on the whole planet are infected with worms. The reason is that the treatment of helminthiasis has its own characteristics, takes place with the use of various drugs, and in some cases is not very effective.
How to tell if there are parasites in the body:
- it is worth seeing a doctor if characteristic symptoms appear;
- pass the necessary tests;
- get results.
The signs of the appearance of worms in humans are not as straightforward as they seem at first glance. For this reason, if there are certain problems, do not delay in contacting a doctor.